Conscious awareness. Conscious awareness is mental awareness of a quale, with the awareness of the quale’s occurrence and of what the quale’s phenomenal characteristics are like occurring. (Chapter 3)

Conscious experience. A conscious experience is a mental experience that occurs with conscious awareness. (Chapter 3)

Consciousness. Consciousness is the composite of all conscious awareness and conscious experiences. (Chapter 6)

Consciousness mental process. Consciousness mental process is the mental process that functions to be consciously aware of and consciously experience mental process functions. (Chapter 6)

Different qualia. Different qualia are qualia that have different phenomenal characteristics even if they are qualia of the same thing. (Chapter 9)

External world. The external world is the world that includes everything except the mind and the place where it resides (the neural processes of the brain). (Chapter 1)

Information. Information is an abstract entity that describes something.  (section D8, Introduction & Definitions)

Manifestation characteristics. Manifestation characteristics are characteristics, of a manifestation, that one can experience in one’s mind, such as color, shape, dimension, pitch, timbre, odor’s quality, happiness, and thought. (Chapter 3)

Mental phenomenon. A mental phenomenon is a phenomenon that occurs in the mind. (section D3, Introduction & Definitions)

Mental process. A mental process is the mind’s part that functions to sense, operate, or send signals to control its own body functions and/or to respond to its environment. (section D2, Introduction & Definitions)

Mind. The mind is a non-material entity that exists in an animal with a nervous system and that functions to sense, operate, and send signals to control its own body functions and/or to respond to its environment.  (section D1, Introduction & Definitions)

Neural circuit. A neural circuit is a functional group of neurons that are connected together in some specific pattern to process signals in its circuit. (section D4, Introduction & Definitions)

Neural process. A neural process is the signal-processing process of a neural circuit. (section D5, Introduction & Definitions)

Outside world. The outside world is the world that includes everything except the mind and the place where it resides (the neural processes of the brain). (Chapter 1)

Phenomenal characteristics. Phenomenal characteristics are manifestation characteristics that are unique and not describable by anything other than themselves. (Chapter 3)

Quale. A quale is a non-material mental phenomenon that has consciously experienceable phenomenal characteristics. (Chapter 3)

Reentrant Signaling state. A reentrant signaling state is a signaling state that has its signals sent back to itself. (Chapter 5)

Signaling pattern. A signaling pattern is the pattern of signaling that a neural circuit sends to another neural circuit to convey its signals. (section D6, Introduction & Definitions).

Signaling state. A signaling state is the pattern of signaling of a whole neural circuit, with signals circulating in its circuit in a certain pattern at any certain moment. (section D7, Introduction & Definitions)

Special reentrant signaling state. A special reentrant signaling state is a reentrant signaling state that is conscious awareness and a conscious experience. (Chapter 6)

Special signaling pattern. A special signaling pattern is the neural process’s signaling pattern that can induce conscious awareness and a conscious experience of itself in the consciousness neural process. (Chapter 5)

“that signals”. “that signals” means “that is the information of”. (section D7, Introduction & Definitions)


EPSP = excitatory post-synaptic potential (Introduction & Definitions)

IPSP = inhibitory post-synaptic potential (Introduction & Definitions)


E/EC = electrical/electrochemical (Chapter 2 & Chapter 5)


EPP = electrical/electrochemical-signal-processing process (Chapter 2)

IPP = information-processing process (Chapter 2)


M-neural process = the mechanical part of a neural process (Chapter 2)

M-functioning brain = the mechanical part of the functioning brain (Chapter 2)


SP = signaling pattern (Introduction & Definitions)

SS = signaling state (Introduction & Definitions)

SSP = special signaling pattern (Chapter 5 & Chapter 6)


ARAS = the ascending reticular activating system (Chapter 6)

MCS = minimally conscious state (Chapter 6)

VS = vegetative state (Chapter 6)


RDQ = randomly different qualia (Chapter 9)

CRDQ = completely randomly different qualia (Chapter 9)

PRDQ = partially randomly different qualia (Chapter 9


List of figures

Chapter 2:

Figure 2.1 A functionally separate, additional entity M

Figure 2.2 An intrinsically occurring IPP

Figure 2.3 The mind

Chapter 3:

Figure 3.1 Visual, auditory, and olfactory qualia

Figure 3.2 Scintillating grid illusion

Figure 3.3 A rotating illusion

Figure 3.4 Qualia among different subjects

Figure 3.5 Qualia exist only in the minds

Chapter 4:

Figure 4.1 Phenomenal characteristic “red” is information about the 700-nm light

Figure 4.2 Information from a physical source

Figure 4.3 Visible light spectrum characteristics

Figure 4.4 A musical scale from C4 (261.63 Hz) to C6 (1046.5 Hz)

Chapter 5:

Figure 5.1 Qualia occur as separate, additional entities

Figure 5.2 Information occurs as an intrinsic entity

Figure 5.3 & 5.4 A quale occurs separately from its neural process as an additional entity

Figure 5.5 A quale as a separate, additional entity

Figure 5.6 & 5.7 A quale occurs intrinsically in its neural process as a special signaling pattern

Figure 5.8 Effects of information of neural processes

Figure 5.9 Information of a special signaling pattern

Figure 5.10 & 5.11 Conscious awareness occurs separately from or intrinsically in the consciousness neural process

Figure 5.12 & 5.13 Effects of qualia

Figure 5.14 Effects of a signaling pattern that is and that is not a quale

Chapter 6:

Figure 6.1 Signals representing various information

Figure 6.2 Effects of integration centers without and with consciousness

Figure 6.3. Consciousness with and without a special reentrant signaling state

Chapter 9:

Figure 9.1 Different color qualia among people

Figure 9.2 & 9.3 CRDQ: a manifestation of a screen of color “C”

Figure 9.4 & 9.5 CRDQ: a manifestation of a screen of red color

Figure 9.6 & 9.7 CRDQ: a manifestation of a pair of red color discs

Figure 9.8 & 9.9 CRDQ: a manifestation of a pair of Color C in different visual fields

Figure 9.10, 9.11a & 9.11b: PRDQ: manifestations of a pair of red and blue discs

Figure 9.12 & 9.13: PRDQ: a manifestation of a color wheel

Figure 9.14 Inverted light spectrum with respect to the wavelength

Figure 9.15 Inverted color spectrum by color inversion

Figure 9.16 Shifted light spectrum along the wavelength

Figure 9.17 Two color spectra of identical-structure qualia

Chapter 10:

Figure 10.1 Human’s perception vs. p-Zombie’s perception

Diagram of effects of perceptions with qualia and consciousness

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